Definition Horticulture Branches of Horticulture

The word horticulture comes from two Latin words “hortus” and “colere, which means garden culture.
Definition: Horticulture is a branch of agriculture that deals with certain features involving utilization of fruits, vegetables, flowers and other plants. 
•Horticulture is the art, science and practice of growing and maintaining plants in different types of environment.
It involves the propagation, cultivation and processing of fruits, vegetables, herbs, spices, ornamental plants and flowers.
•Deals with production and processing of fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants, spices, herbs and flowers.
• Horticulture involves intensive cultural practices where plants or species are usually given individual attention.
•There are branches of horticulture that deal with flowers, seeds, turf and lawns, fruits, trees, worms, fishes, wines, silk, garden trails and much more.
Branches of Horticulture
  • Pomology(Fruit culture):The branch of horticulture, concerned with the production, harvesting, processing, preservation, storage and marketing of fruits and nuts. 
Pomology(Fruit culture)
  • Olericulture (Vegetable culture): The science and practice of growing, handling, storing, processing and marketing of vegetables. 
  • Floriculture: The science and practice of growing, handling, storing, processing and marketing of flowers.
Floriculture
  • Arboriculture : is the cultivation, management, and study of individual trees, shrubs.
  • Turf culture and management includes all aspects of the production and maintenance of turf grass for sports or leisure use .
  • Ornamental and Landscape Horticulture: The art of designing gardens, establishing lawns, installing plants and placing ornaments in the landscape.
  • Viticulture includes the production and marketing of grapes.
  • Oenology includes all aspects of wine and winemaking.
  • Silviculture:  The name comes from the Latin silvi- (forest) + culture (as in growing).
is the practice of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests to meet diverse needs and values.

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