10 Medicinal Plants and their Uses with Pictures

10 Medicinal Plants and their Uses with Pictures

10 Medicinal Plants and their uses
1. Adhatoda
Botanical name: Justicia adhatoda (Adhatoda vasica)
Family: Acanthaceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Leaves and roots
  •       The plant is the source of the drug Vasaka, particularly in the treatment of Bronchitis.
  •        Several alkaloid are present in the drug of which the important ones are Vasicine and Vasicinone.
  •     Adhatoda are extensively used for treating cold, cough, asthma and chronic bronchitis.
2. Aloe
Botanical name: Aloe vera
Family: Liliaceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Leaf

  •        The pulp of leaves is given in fever, enlargement of liver, spleen, skin diseases, piles, jaundice, rheumatism.
  •        The pulp of roasted leaves, mixed with honey, is given in cold and cough.
3. Bacopa
Botanical name: Bacopa monnieri
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Whole plants

  •    Triterpene glycosides, bacopasaponins, luteolin, apigenin and bacoside. It is a classic and nerve tonic.
  •     Brahmi juice, prepared in ghee, is given orally to the infants in small doses for goodmemory.
  •    5-10 ml leaf juice is given to children in case of constipation.

4. Catharanthus
Botanical name: Cantharanthus roseus (Vincarosea)
Family: Apocyanceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Roots and leaves

  •        Root bark contain threealkaloids ajmalicine, serpentine, reserpine. These alkaloids possess hypotensive, sedative and transquilling properties.
  •        Anti-cancer drugs: Vinblastine, Vincristine and leucocrostine.

5. Eclipta (False Daisy)
Botanical name: Eclipta alba
Family: Asteraceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Whole plant

  •        The leaf extract of Eclipta found to be a powerful liver tonic. It is good for hair growth.
  •        A black dye is obtained from Eclipta, is used as a dye.
  •        The plant essence is extracted as a rasayan for longevity and rejuvenation.
  •        It is used against dysentery, anemia, eye diseases, asthma and liver cirrhosis.
6. Neem
Botanical name: Azadirachta indica
Family: Meliaceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Leaf and seeds

  •        Its different parts are used in Ayurvedic treatment. Neem oil, extracted from the seeds, has insecticidal and medicinal properties.
  •         Neem seed cake is rich in organic contents and it enhances soil fertility. It is also an effective nematicide.
  •        Neem has anti-bacterial properties and it is used again skin infections.
  •        Neem leaf capsules are used as an insect repellent.
  •        Neem oil and leaf extract are used to manufacture beauty care products.
7. Ocimum (Sacred basil or Holy basil)
Botanical name: Ocimum sanctum
Family: Lamiaceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Leave and flowers

  •        leaf juice is given against chronic fever, haemorrhage, dysentery.
  •        It is also used to check vomiting and as an antihelmintic.

8. Phyllanthus amarus
Botanical name: Phyllanthus amarus
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Whole plant

  •        This plant has a reputed position in Ayurveda and Unani systems of medicine. It is used against bronchitis, anaemia, urinary problems, asthma and also as a diuretic.
  •        In Unani system, it is stomachic and useful against chronic dysentery.
  •        Fresh roots serve as an excellent remedy for jaundice.
  •        Bark yieldsa Vitter principle, called phyllanthin.

9. Rauvolfia (Sarpagandha)
Botanical name: Rauwolfia serpentina
Family: Apocyanaceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Root

  •        It lowers blood pressure and controls schizophrenia like symptoms or mental illness.
  •        Reserpine obtained from Rauvolfia, it is an effective remedy for hypertension.
  •        Root decotion is given for uterine contraction. 

10. Sida (Flannel weed)
Botanical name: Sida cordifolia
Family: Malvaceae
Morphology of the useful plants: Whole plant

  •        The plant is used in Ayurvedic medicine.
  •        Used for the treatment of inflammation of the oral mucosa, nasal congestion.
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